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时间:2017/12/23 21:29:07  作者:  来源:  浏览:0  评论:0
内容摘要:Can China actually lead on climate change?中国真能在气候变化议题上发挥领导作用吗?Shifting the Chinese economy away fromfossil fuels puts jobs in carbon-intensi...

Can China actually lead on climate change?中国真能在气候变化议题上发挥领导作用吗?
Shifting the Chinese economy away fromfossil fuels puts jobs in carbon-intensive sectors at risk.中国经济摆脱对化石燃料的依赖将导致煤碳密集型行业面临风险。
China is in the "driving seat"when it comes to "international co-operation" on climate, saidPresident Xi Jinping at a major political meeting in Beijing ahead of theUN-led climate talks in Bonn earlier this month, the first annual meeting ofthe negotiations since President Donald Trump announced his intention towithdraw from the agreement.
Mr Trump's decision had left a powervacuum: the historic accord reached in 2014 between then president Barack Obamaand Mr Xi, leading the world's two largest economies, which together accountfor about 40 per cent of global emissions, had underpinned the consensusreached by the international community in late 2015 in Paris. Could China alonefill that vacuum?

Presidents Obama and Xi reached a historicaccord on emissions.奥巴马总统和中国就排放问题达成了历史性协议。
China certainly made its presence felt atthe talks, but often in its traditional stance as defender of the developingcountries, arguing that rich countries must shoulder the greater burden ofdecarbonisation, a position reportedly described by Greenpeace East Asiacampaigner Li Shuo as "an inevitable result of international climatediplomacy in the post-US era".

中国确实在谈判中彰显了它的存在感,但经常以其发展中国家捍卫者的传统立场,辩称富裕国家应该为发展低碳经济承担更大责任。据报道,东亚绿色和平组织的活动家Li Shuo将中国的立场称为“后美国时代国际气候外交的必然结果”。
China's carbon emissions have also risenthis year, after two years of slight decline.

Still, it is committed to peak before 2030, and it leads the world in cleantechnologies — accounting for five of the world's top six solar PVmanufacturers, and seven of the top-15 wind turbine manufacturers.

China is also investing more than $US100 billion a year in domestic renewableenergy projects — more than double the US figure. At about $US32 billion, itsinvestment in green technology overseas is also the largest in the world.

Mr Xi has made environmental ambition asignature of his rhetoric, having coined the florid phrase, "clear watersand green mountains are as valuable as mountains of gold and silver". Bycontrast, the US President is not only averse to environmental regulation, buteven once tweeted, preposterously, that climate change is a Chinese hoax.

So, is China ready to lead on climate? Not yet.

Fossil fuel use maintains social stability

To assume a real leadership role, Chinaneeds not only to fulfil its Paris pledges — no small challenge, given thedifficulty of shifting its huge economy away from a reliance on coal-firedenergy — but also to demonstrate a strategy for overseas investment that isconsistent with its environmental ambitions.

Domestic local implementation tends to be a major problem for central plannersin China, and to shift the economy away from fossil fuels means bracing for thesocial stability risks of declining employment in carbon-intensive sectors. Anillustration of this was the recent approval by provincial authorities ofnumerous plans for new coal-fired power stations, which were later cancelled bysweeping central government decrees.

On the international front, as China's energy-intensive sectors slow, there isa risk that companies such as those producing the technology to mine and burncoal find an escape valve for overcapacity by exporting capital and technologyoutside China's borders, driving carbon-intensive growth in other countries,particularly along the so-called "Belt and Road" trade routes in central,south and South-East Asia.

From 2000 to 2016, 66 per cent of powersector lending from Chinese banks went into coal projects, according to BostonUniversity.
In Turkey, Chinese companies have signed agreements worth billions of dollarsto construct coal-fired power stations.

In Pakistan, China has also approved a $US1.2 billion investment for coalmining in the Thar Desert and the construction of 660 megawatt coal-fired powergenerators.

Self-interest behind sustainability push

To call for greater attention to the sustainability of these investments is notto expect altruism from China: its domestic actions, after all, have beendriven thus far by a leadership that understands how lower carbon developmentbenefits technological innovation, energy efficiency and security, and airpollution mitigation — as well as helping to stave off dangerous future climateimpacts on food and water security.
澳门电子游戏网站:中国真能在气候变化议题上发挥领导作用吗?As China's energy-intensive sectors slow,coal interests may look further afield, spreading along trade routes in Asia.随着中国能源密集型行业的放缓,煤炭行业的投资可能会着眼于更远的地区,在亚洲贸易路线上延展。
Similarly, avoiding coal is a sensibleinvestment choice, as renewable energy costs continue to fall — in large partthanks to economies of scale in China — the burden of air pollution on healthand wellbeing becomes ever more apparent, and the risks of climate impacts risearound the world.

There is little question that China deserves praise when contrasted with MrTrump's retreat from climate action. As its economic power grows, it can beexpected to maintain active climate cooperation where it is advantageous, fortechnological, economic, and soft power purposes.

But unless China can implement its domestic energy transition to phase outcoal, and green its Belt and Road Initiative and overseas investment morebroadly, its rhetoric about playing a leading role on climate change globallyis unlikely to be realised.

网友评论:Quiller6723hours agoThe advanced economies of the world becameadvanced by creating the bulk of the CO2 emissions since 1800. It is thereforereasonable to expect them to shoulder some of the cost of decarbonisingdeveloping economies. That the US has withdrawn from the climate mitigationsphere and left China in this position is deeply regrettable. China willinevitably use any influence it obtains to undermine international oppositionto its expansionist policies and its neglect of human rights.
Unimpressed1day agoHow about showing the actual figures ofcarbon emmisions in china and then lets talk about the history of communism andall the horrors it has brung the world. If westerners actually knew the waythings are done there it would not be the flavour of the month with a bigcherry and bowtie! Like our globalist led media would have us believe. Carbontrading on the stockmarket is the only thing they would be interested in, thatsnot gonna help anyone or anything.
Lachlan1day ago@Unimpressed On the actual carbon emissions, a person inChina emitted on average  about 7.5 tonnes CO2e in 2011.In contrast, a person in Australia emittedon average 19 tonnes CO2e in 2011.If you check the article, it wasn't sayingthat China is great.The issue of what communism brought isentirely irrelevant to the topic of the article, so you may understand thearticle better if you put your anti-communist sentiments aside.  Anyway,the only hint of communism left in China is the name of the ruling party. Other than that, it is as communist as Singapore.
EthenHuang1day agoCan China lead climate change? Yes. Theycan. The same way they can lead on the world on human rights.
SydolsOZ1day agoI hope that China does lead on climatechange, because our environmental Luddites here in Government are going to seta trend!
StephenAllen1day agoGiven Australia's record, do we haveauthority to judge other nations?   "Clear Waters and GreenMountains"? extraordinary coming from Zionist funded Zionist policy thinktank that advocates the genocide of Palestine.
flowerpot1day agoThe only reason the Chinese government isinterested in climate change - and I mean the only reason - is that thegovernment realises that the Chinese people are getting sick of carcinogenicair and unsafe food. The chinese people have internet now - they know thatother countries have cleaner air and safer food, and they wonder why their owngovernment can't provide it.  There will be a breaking point one day whenthe people demand better from Chinese government.  The CCP havecorrectly identified social dissatisfaction with the environment as a very realcause of potential future unrest, which could unseat a future government. If you read the Chinese state papers or watch the english CCTV channel, theyhave been discussing securing 'social satisfaction' 'standards of living' and'social harmony' lately. The CCP are desperate to let the people know thatthey are listening to their concerns and are going to improvethings.   The Chinese government are not idiots, and if they want tostay in power they have to get real about air pollution and pollution generallynow - otherwise in 10 or 20 years the Chinese people will have hadenough.
Lachlan1day ago@flowerpot You are right that current particulatepollution is the main driver for China to shift away from burning coal, but Iam not sure about your insistence on it being theonly reason. The Chinese are famous for long-term thinking.  They know that China willbenefit from not having climate change, and if that can be achieved withoutChina sacrificing its competitiveness (by ensuring that everyone does theirpart) then I expect they are genuinely interested in the global effects.
@flowerpot 你说的没错,目前的颗粒物污染是中国摆脱燃煤的主要动力,但我不确定你是否坚持认为这是唯一的理由。中国人以长远思考而闻名。他们知道,中国不会因气候变化而受益,而且如果中国(通过确保所有人都做好本职工作)避免牺牲其竞争力就能做到这一点,那么我预计他们会真的对全球影响感兴趣。
Ozzymate1day agoThere is a strong correlation between theglobal population size and increasing CO2 emissions. China through it's onechild policy showing that it more than 20 years ago it had an understanding ofthe problems of a growing population - even if only within it's own boarders.Moreover though it was prepared to act on this problem. In contrast the westernworld democratic capitalist model is somewhat hamstrung in comparison by it'sreliance on consumerism and growth in a democratic environment. In the west theaverage citizen along with corporate and political entities are unwilling toaccept that infinite and continuing growth will inevitably lead toenvironmental disaster. China by comparison can make the necessary policychanges to address environmental problems without the limitation of democraticprocesses.





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